While many senior citizens sleep less than younger adults, they actually need the same amount of sleep in order to stay healthy. Continue reading to learn more about seniors and sleep.

Studies have shown that 13% of men and 36% of women who are age 65 or older require at least 30 minutes to fall asleep. This inability to fall asleep quickly (if at all) is often coupled with frequent waking throughout the night. While it is true that sleeping patterns change as we age, it is important that senior citizens get the amount of sleep they need to stay healthy.

How Much Sleep Do Senior Citizens Need?

The average person needs seven to nine hours of sleep per night to perform at their best. Though many senior citizens get less sleep than the recommended amount, they actually still need these critical hours of rest.

While the specific amount of sleep needed varies from person to person, it does not change as we age. In other words, if you required 7 hours of sleep in your mid-twenties, you will likely need a similar amount of rest for the remainder of your life. So, while many senior citizens may seem spry, despite rising before dawn, there may be a plethora of underlying issues. Read More →

I saw the below on MedGadget and thought it was worth sharing.

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As part of the Affordable Care Act’s provisions, expansion of Medicaid benefits has become available to all state governments that accepted the deal in 2014. Many states, however, are declining to participate in the expansion, despite the fact that it would be allocating tax dollars, already given to the federal government by the states, back to their poorest residents to cover their Medicaid costs. The plan outlined in the ACA provides for 100 percent of the funding of the expansion through 2016, and 90 percent of funding through 2022, which would go towards providing those who fall into the Medicaid eligibility gap with health insurance. Qualifying individuals whose total income falls up to 138 percent of the federal poverty line would then be covered with the health insurance they need so they won’t have to rely solely on over-capacitated free health clinics for health care.

While it would seem that any state governor would welcome a chance to provide healthcare for their most underprivileged residents, many governors are actually declining to accept the funds for Medicaid expansion because it is a provision of President Obama’s Affordable Care Act. South Carolina, North Carolina, and Georgia are among the 19 states that currently are not expanding Medicaid. These 19 states in total represent 6 million Americans, who would be eligible for coverage under the expansion, who are not receiving health insurance because their states have failed to expand the program. South Carolina, North Carolina, and Georgia have 292,000, 593,000, and 682,000 residents, respectively, who will go without health insurance because of the states’ failure to accept the expansion.

Recognizing that this is a partisan issue, many Senate Democrats have begun to ask their Republican governors to put politics aside and “do the right thing” by expanding Medicaid in their states. Proponents of expansion say that everyone will save money by insuring individuals who would otherwise cost hospitals billions of dollars by seeking treatment without health insurance.  Supporters of expansion are still calling for a change of mind (and heart) by the governors who are against the effective policy.

Perhaps White House Principal Deputy Press Secretary said it best when he said, “The states that have blocked Medicaid expansion face a consequential choice: They can score short-term political points by attacking the Affordable Care Act and blocking Medicaid, or they can take action to save taxpayer dollars and extend access to thousands of citizens to quality affordable health care. For those politicians with the courage to put the interests of their state and their citizens ahead of politics, it shouldn’t be a tough choice.”

Own or lease? This is a common question that senior facility operators have. Experts agree that there is no “one size fits all” answer to this question. What is right for one operator or facility may not be for another one. With so much at stake, how can an operator be sure that he is making the right decision for his facility?

Cambridge Realty Capital has created an informative and compelling video series, “Message from the Founders”, to answer some of these common questions, providing insights based on hands-on experience in the industry.

“Owning vs. Leasing in Senior Housing” specifically addresses the critical question, “Should I buy or should I lease?” and is available for viewing 24 hours per day on Cambridge Realty Capital’s YouTube Channel, “ePulseLive.”

Cambridge Realty Capital’s “Message from the Founders” page.

Privately owned since its founding in 1983 as a real estate investment banker specializing in commercial real estate properties, Cambridge today has three distinctive business units: FHA-insured HUD loans, conventional financing, and investments and acquisitions. The company is one of the nation’s leading nursing home, assisted living and healthcare debt and equity capital providers, with more than 500 closed transactions totaling more than $4.6 billion since the early 1990’s, when the firm began its specialization in providing senior housing capital.

Nursing homes with visiting physicians or providers should uncover their troubled histories with Medicaid or Medicare programs in other states or face billing nightmares, and worse, federal scrutiny.  Reuters investigation has revealed that practitioners often go undetected as practitioners in one state after being involved with or kicked out of programs in another state.

Reuters found that more than one in five of the thousands of doctors and other healthcare providers in the U.S. prohibited from billing Medicare are still able to bill state Medicaid programs – a violation of the Affordable Care Act provision that requires states to suspend the billing privileges of most providers who have been “terminated” or “revoked” by another state or Medicare, Reuters reported.

The news organization exposed about 1,800 providers who had slipped under the radar. After reviewing the list, 32 states and the District of Columbia supplied data showing they paid at least $79 million to 269 of the providers after their terminations elsewhere. Reuters said possibly “hundreds of millions” of such claims have likely been made since so much of it goes unnoticed because of inadequate state and federal data.

Georgia’s health department terminated optometrist Dr. Jeffrey Sponseller on Feb. 20, 2013, the same day he pleaded guilty to Medicare fraud. He claimed that in a single day, he conducted 177 eye exams that would have taken 132 hours to perform.  Sponseller remained on South Carolina’s Medicaid rolls for almost a year afterward, until Reuters asked about him.  Sponseller, now serving a 33-month sentence in federal prison, was unavailable for comment.

If you hadn’t brought this to our attention, we don’t know when we would have known about this,” said Kim Cox, director of communications for the South Carolina Department of Health and Human Services. South Carolina has not attempted to recoup the money.  


The Banghor Daily News reported that the owner of several assisted living facilities will pay $300,000 to resolve a federal lawsuit charging it allowed a subcontractor, RehabCare Group East, Inc., to routinely submit inflated Medicare claims for rehabilitation.  The federal government charged that before Oct. 1, 2011, Rousseau submitted or caused the submission of inflated Medicare claims for providing “unreasonable, unnecessary, unskilled rehabilitation therapy, or therapy that was not provided at all,” Ortiz said.  The federal government alleges that even after Oct. 1, 2011, Rousseau Management failed to prevent a number of other practices of RehabCare Medicare reimbursement, including automatically placing patients in the highest reimbursement level and reporting that time spent providing unskilled palliative care was time spent on skilled therapy.

In March, Bangor nursing home Ross Manor agreed to pay $1.2 million to resolve similar allegations concerning claims for therapy purportedly provided by RehabCare Group East, Inc. The rehab provider was part of similar settlements in Massachusetts, Minnesota and Missouri.

Rousseau Management Inc. owns Horizons Living and Rehab Center, Skolfield House, and Dionne Commons in Brunswick and previously provided administrative management services to Amenity Manor nursing home in Topsham.

Rousseau Management subcontracted with RehabCareGroup East, Inc., a subsidiary of Kindred Healthcare, Inc., to provide rehabilitation therapy at Horizons Living and Rehab Center and Amenity Manor, according to a release from Massachusetts U.S. Attorney Carmen M Ortiz.

These defendants allegedly made decisions based on profitability, rather than on patient care,” Vincent B. Lisi, special agent in charge of the Federal Bureau of Investigation in Boston, said in the release. “These actions not only affect patients, but have a ripple effect on taxpayers who pay into the system. The FBI will continue to work with all of our law enforcement partners to make sure those who abuse the health care system are brought to justice.”


A new study found one in five nursing home residents with advanced dementia harbor strains of drug-resistant bacteria and more than 10 percent of the drug-resistant bacteria are resistant to four or more antibiotic classes. The research was published online today in Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology, the journal of the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America.  Drug-resistant Escherichia coli (E. coli) and Proteus mirabilis (P. mirabilis) were the most common bacteria found among the study subjects. Nearly 90 percent of the bacteria found were resistant to three types of antibiotics, most notably ciprofloxacin, gentamicin and extended-spectrum penicillins.

“Nursing home residents with advanced dementia usually have an increased need for healthcare worker assistance, as well as frequent exposure to antibiotics. This combination may be leading to a subset of vulnerable long-term care residents at high risk of both acquiring and spreading these dangerous bugs,” said Erika D’Agata, M.D., an infectious disease physician at Rhode Island Hospital and lead author of the study. “Frequent hospitalization among these residents also provides a constant influx of drug-resistant bacteria into the hospital setting, further fostering the spread throughout the healthcare delivery system.”

Genetically related bacteria were detected in 18 of the 22 nursing homes (82 percent). Possible routes include overlapping hospital stays among residents with advanced dementia from different nursing homes and healthcare professionals cross-covering multiple nursing homes.

“Ongoing efforts to curb the acquisition and spread of this bacteria among nursing homes residents is crucial since this is an issue that goes beyond just one realm of care,” said D’Agata. “Healthcare institutions must work together to help curb the transmission of these emerging, dangerous pathogens.”

Ozarks First reported that John Carrier is accused of sexually assaulting a woman described by the Nixa Police Department as being under legal guardianship and of diminished mental capacity.  The Christian County prosecutor has charged Carrier with sodomy and rape of a resident in the nursing care facility where he worked.  A probable cause statement in the case states that Carrier, a caregiver at the Life Enhancement Village in Nixa, had sexual intercourse and deviate sexual intercourse with the woman, despite her resistance.

During interviews with investigators, Carrier admitted to having sex and oral sex with the woman, the court document states.  The victim told investigators that she had told Carrier to stop and that she didn’t want to have sex with him, but that she was afraid of him and followed his instructions because he was a staff member and was telling her what to do.
I wonder if he would have done this if there had been a video camera in the room?

The Humanitas Retirement Home in the Netherlands has created a program to attract younger residents in nursing homes. The younger residents do not require the services of the nursing home, but actually help out with their neighbors. Jurrien Mentink is a student at a nearby university. He lives in the Humanitas Retirement Home for free, in exchange for volunteering in some capacity 30 hours per month. The program is designed to increase the exchange of communications and culture, with the goal being a very simple one – have students be good neighbors. Mentink has volunteered to give computer lessons, cooked for his neighbors, and sometimes, just hangs out with them. “I bring the outside world in, so my world becomes their world,” said Mentink. Listen to the radio broadcast here.

Senior living providers had a remarkably positive 2014, marked by record investments and acquisitions, growing occupancy rates and swelling demand, according to the annual analysis of the largest senior living providers by the Assisted Living Federation of America (ALFA).

There were more than 290 acquisitions representing more than $25 billion last year, up from the 2013 record of 225, ALFA reported. Overall, 29 of the top 80 providers on ALFA’s list this year plan to open or acquire additional communities in 2015.

Brookdale Senior Living was the top memory care and assisted living provider and the number two ranked independent living provider (behind Holiday Retirement), on ALFA’s list.

Occupancy rates also soared in 2014, according to ALFA. Both independent and assisted living saw their strongest occupancy rates since 2007. For 2015, assisted living occupancy is expected to rise from 89.3% to 89.6%, while independent living will go up from 91.3% to 92.2%, an all-time high. Senior living was most robust on the Eastern seaboard and in the Midwest.

“We had solid demand in 2014. We had levels of supply to meet that demand, increasing occupancy rates, strong rent growth, and very strong interest from the investor community in terms of acquisition activity,” Beth Mace, chief economist for the National Investment Center for the Seniors Housing & Care Industry stated in a news release.