A new study from researchers from Rowan University School of Osteopathic Medicine has found that delirium affects nearly 18 percent of nursing home residents and has a one-year mortality rate of 40 percent. The symptoms of delirium usually last one week, but can take weeks or months to resolve. The symptoms are similar to dementia, resulting in misdiagnosis in nursing home residents.
Delirium is a syndrome of altered mental status shown to produce disorganized thinking, deficits in attention and a fluctuating course, which plays a significant role in mortality of nursing home patients. However, maintaining hydration and minimizing medication exposure is an effective means to prevent delirium. Pain can lead to delirium, and managing it well can improve outcomes.
The study was published in The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association.